Etymologies, meanings, and definitions of spiritual, religious, and philosophical words beginning with the letter J.

(Hebrew) The names of two symbolic pillars of the Temple of Solomon, the Solar Man; these are the astral solar body and the mental solar body (Hod and Netzach).

“And he set up the pillars in the porch of the temple: and he set up the right pillar, and called the name thereof יכין [Jachin]: and he set up the left pillar, and he called the name thereof בעז [Boaz].” - 1 Kings 7:21

(Hebrew יעקב) A major figure in the Jewish and Christian traditions.

Jacob - Ia-cob - Io-kab - Io-Ka’bah, the Atom of “IO” Binah, in the Pineal Gland that controls the stone – Ka’bah – the Cubic Stone of Yesod – sex!

"And Jacob went out from Beer-sheba, and went toward Haran. And he lighted upon a certain place (Yesod), and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and put them for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep. And he dreamed, and beheld a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it. And, behold, Iod-Havah stood above it, and said, I am Iod-Havah Elohi of Abraham thy father, and the Elohi of Isaac: the land (Yesod) whereon you lies, I give will it to you, and to your seed (semen)." - Genesis 28: 10-13

"And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day. And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him. And he said; Let me go, for the day breaks. And he said, I will not let you go, except you bless me. And he said unto him, what is your name? And he said, Jacob. And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for (with your Iod -Phallus - Penis) as a prince (Sareta) hast thou striven with (the Fire - Ish of Sa-Rah) Elohim and with men, and hast prevailed. And Jacob asked him, and said; tell me your name, I pray you. And he said: why is it that you ask after my name? And he blessed him there. And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel (Pineal Gland; Peniel: Penis-El - Yesod): for I have seen Elohim face to face and my life is preserved. - Genesis 32: 24-31

Read also: King of Kings

(Sanskrit) Manifested existence, the universe, the worlds or world.

(Sanskrit, "awake") A state of consciousness that is active and alert. The third of the four states of consciousness discussed in the Hindu scripture the Mandukya Upanishad.

This term is generally misunderstood to refer to the state of consciousness we experience anytime the physical body is active, but that is incorrect. Jagrata is a state of awakened consciousness, free of dreaming, whether the body is at rest or active. Most people rarely experience this state, since they have not learned how consciously pay attention from moment to moment, thus their consciousness is asleep.

"Arise! Awake [Jagrata]! Approach the great and learn. Like the sharp edge of a razor is that path--so the wise say--hard to tread and difficult to cross." - Hinduism. Katha Upanishad 1.3.14

Jagrata is also used to describe all-night rituals of worship.

(Hebrew יהוה) Often spelled Yahweh, and intentionally confused with Jehovah since they are both spelled the same way in Hebrew: יהוה. While Jehovah is a very positive and potent name of God, Yahve (Jahve) is the name of a demon who has been misleading humanity for ages.

“In the year 1950, the genie of evil whose name is Javhe entered into the abyss. Javhe is paying a terrible karma. Javhe is a terribly perverse fallen angel. This Javhe is the demon that tempted Jesus in the wilderness while saying “Itababo.” Javhe is the supreme chief of the Black Lodge. Javhe is the secret author of the crucifixion of our adorable saviour. Javhe is the antithetic pole of Jesus. The Roman soldiers who crucified the Beloved One were constituting the honorable guards of Javhe. Thus, this is why Javhe is now crucified within the abyss. This is his karma, the cross of the devil is inverted. Therefore, Javhe is crucified with his head downwards and his feet upwards. The Jewish people worship Javhe, and they follow Javhe. The fifth of the seven “cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.” Javhe and his legions will remain in the abyss a whole age. Afterward, it will be necessary that he be released for a short time. It is necessary to give those that are lost the last opportunity to repent.” - Samael Aun Weor, The Aquarian Message

"Jahve is a terribly perverse fallen angel. Jahve is the genius of evil. Christ is the leader of the great White Lodge, and Jahve, his antithesis, is the chief of the great Black Lodge. The powers of Light and Darkness live in eternal struggle and that struggle is rooted in sex. The semen is the battlefield. In the semen, angels and demons fight to the death. The medullar bone of the great conflict between angels and demons is sex. There is the problem. There is the root of all the white and black doctrines. Christ has his program of action, Jahve has his. The chosen follow the Christ. The great majority of human beings fanatically follow Jahve. Nevertheless, they all hide behind the cross." - Samael Aun Weor, The Perfect Matrimony

"Javhe has a very grave karma, since he was the secret perpetrator of the crucifixion of Christ, and he is also directly responsible for the failure of human evolution on the Earth. He has to irremediably pay these old debts, because no one can mock the law with impunity." - Samael Aun Weor, The Revolution of Beelzebub

(Hebrew יהוה) The four-lettered name of divinity (also called the Tetragrammaton). This name has innumerable interpretations. The name "Jehovah" has many applications, not the least of which is as a name of our own inner Being.

יהוה is the sacred name of the Sephirah Chokmah in the Tree of Life, Kabbalah. Chokmah is Christ, the Second Logos, the Son of Kether, the Father. Chokmah (Wisdom) in Christianity is represented by Jesus-Christ.

It can also refer to:

1) "The supreme leader of the positive ray of the Moon is Jehovah... Jehovah lives normally in Eden. Eden is the ethereal world. Everyone who returns to Eden is received by Lord Jehovah." - Samael Aun Weor, The Perfect Matrimony

2) "In the Old Testament, the name of Jehovah is applied to the Host of the Cosmocreators or divine Androgynes who created this universe, rather than the original name Iod-Heve." - Samael Aun Weor, The Gnostic Bible: The Pistis Sophia Unveiled

"JOVE or IOD-EVE in his other aspect is the male-female JEHOVAH, or the collective androgyny of Elohim from the books of Moses, the Adam Kadmon of the Kabbalists, the IA-CHO or INACHO of Anatolia who is also Dionysus, whose vibratory wave has become very intense with the entrance of the Sun into the brilliant constellation of Aquarius... Jesus the great Kabir never surrendered cult to the anthropomorphic Jehovah of the Jewish multitudes... The law of retaliation, “An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth,” from the avenger Jehovah, was overcome by the law of love: “Ye love one another, as I have loved you.” If we scrutinize with mystical enthusiasm the sacred scriptures, we can clearly verify the unmistakable and evident fact that the anthropomorphic Hebraic Jehovah does not appear in any of the four gospels... Unquestionably, the Blessed Lord of Perfections only worshipped his Father who is in secret and his Divine Mother Kundalini. In other words, we will state: the great Kabir Jesus profoundly loved הוהי IOD-HEVE, the divine, interior male-female... י IOD is certainly the particular individual Monad of each one of us, the Hindustani Shiva, the arch-hierophant and arch-magi, the first begotten of creation, the golden fleece, the treasury which we must take hold of after defeating the dragon of darkness... הוה HEVE is the unfolding of י IOD; Heve is the divine wife of Shiva. She is our individual Mother Kundalini, the sacred cow with five legs, the esoteric mystery of the Pentalpha. Jupiter and his cow of Io (iiiii ooooo), keep in exact concomitance with הוהי IOD-HEVE, the interior Divine Couple of each creature." - Samael Aun Weor, The Three Mountains

3) Jehovah is Kabbalistically read "Iod-Chavah", this means that Iod (the male willpower of the Holy Spirit in the pineal gland of Adam, the brain) is through chastity dominating “Chava” (the female power of the Holy Spirit - Eve, “the Mother of the Living” - the sexual organs). Thus, the brain is dominating sex.

"In these times of the end, that great initiate from the past Mahamanvantara (called in Cosmogony “Mahamanvantara of Padma or Lotus of Gold”) has sent his Bodhisattva to the Earth. The name of that great initiate is very well known in the Old Testament. He is the Biblical Jehovah; he is the most exalted Being of the Ancient Lunar Chain, the Governor of the Ancient Moon-Earth. It has been stated to us that the Master Jehovah sent his Bodhisattva to Chile, yes, the Bodhisattva of the Lord Jehovah was born in Chile South America within a humble family of working peasants. At the present time (1970), he is a young boy that is behaving foolishly. The Bodhisattva of Lord Jehovah had a joyful, simple and easy infancy and adolescence. However, now he is a youngster and this worries us, because of what his modern surroundings are like and the types of friends he could have in these times. In these moments this youngster lives in a certain city; obviously, he is doing the same inappropriate nonsense as all the other youths of this epoch. If the reincarnation of this Bodhisattva becomes a success, then the great Master Jehovah will incarnate within his Bodhisattva and will perform a Great Work. So, this Master is only waiting for the Bodhisattva to mature in order to penetrate within him. Jehovah is the Regent of the ancient moon. He is a great Master that has been intentionally confused with Javhe, who is the chief of the Black Lodge." - Samael Aun Weor

also Yirmiya, Yirmiyahu (Hebrew יִרְמְיָהוּ) An important prophet in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

(Hebrew ירושלים) Yerushalayim, meaning “foundation of peace,” from base of yarah “he threw, cast” + shalom “peace.”

“The heavenly Jerusalem exists in the macrocosm. The heavenly Jerusalem also exists within the microcosmic human being. A new heaven and a new earth will exist. This will be the future new, heavenly Jerusalem of the macrocosm. When a human being is Christified, then he becomes transformed into the new heavenly Jerusalem of the microcosm. “As above, so below.” - Samael Aun Weor, The Aquarian Message

The central personage of Christianity is called Jesus Christ, but this is not his birth name, it is an acquired title. The name "Jesus" is derived from an Aramaic (ancient Hebrew) word, Yeshua, which means "savior." Thus, the original use of this term is as an honorific title, such as "rabbi."

(Hebrew, from יהודי Yĕhuwdiy)

"I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan." - Revelation 2: 9

"Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father's children shall bow down before thee. Judah is a lion's cub: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up? The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet." - Genesis 49: 8-10

"And one of the elders said unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof. And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the Seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth." - Revelation 5: 5, 6

"Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee." - Revelation 3: 9

Authentic Jews are only the Self-realized Masters, the Christified Ones, which are called esoterically, the children of the lion from the tribe of Judah or lion's cubs. Really, the fornicators belong to the synagogue of Satan, they are NOT lion's cubs. Only the lion's cubs can enter into the Heavenly Jerusalem. The twelve tribes of Israel are related with the twelve Zodiacal Orders. Leo is Judah the most exalted among the twelve Orders. Let us remember the ‘Lions of Fire’, the ‘Lions of Life’, the ‘Igneous Shapeless Breaths’, the Triple Divine Powers, who emanated from the active, omni-penetrating and omniscient Okidanokh or Ain Soph Aur. These ‘Lions of Fire’ are Kether, Chokmah, and Binah, true Dragons of Wisdom. Exoterically, this entire humanity are the twelve tribes of Israel; because the entire humanity that unfolds within the zodiacal womb is divided into twelve tribes, represented by the zodiac. It is important to remember that some persons are born under Aries, others under Taurus, Gemini, Cancer,Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces. We can now better comprehend the twelve tribes of Israel. The Lions of Fire, or ‘Lions of Life’ of the zodiacal sign of Leo, are constituted as the most elevated group in the Macrocosm and within the Microcosmic human being. Moreover, it is important to remember that just as the zodiacal belt exists in the firmament, likewise, the flames of the constellation of Leo exist within the human being. The Hierarchy of the Fire is the most important Hierarchy in the Macrocosm and in the Microcosmic human being. This is why it is written:"Ye worship ye know not what: we (Gnostics) know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews (the Christified Ones)." - John 4: 22 The lion's cub named Jesus is the Bodhisattva of the Master Aberamentho, a Buddha of Compassion. The lion's cub named Samael Aun Weor is the Bodhisattva of Samael Sabaoth, a Buddha of Compassion.

(Hebrew איזבל) An important symbolic figure who appears in Jewish and Christian scriptures. Read 1 Kings 16-21 and Revelation 2.

"...I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols. And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not. Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds. And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works." - Revelation 2

  1. Psychologically, Jezebel represents our mind.

  2. Literally, physically, Jezebel was an Atlantean queen who made herself immortal by replacing her glands with those taken from sacrificial victims. See The End of the Kali Yuga.

Sanskrit जिनयान, from:

  • जिन jina: very old, victorious, vishnu, victor, buddha
  • यान yana: vehicle, chariot

Jinayana refers to the oldest religion in the world, the root religion at the base of all traditions. All religions can be traced back to it. The ancient initiates of that root religion can be called jinns, jina, or jains.

While the modern Jain tradition also came from the ancient Jinayana, the two are quite different and should not be confused.

It should also be noted that some Spanish speakers have conflated Jinayana with the Buddhist tradition Hinayana, but they are not the same. (This confusion may partly exist because in Spanish "j" is pronounced like the English h in "hill," but in Sanskit the "j" is pronounced hard, like in "job." See Hinayana

Learn more about Jinayana: The Jinayana School

(Arabic; literally "hidden from sight," from the root  جَنّ / جُنّ j-n-n which means 'to hide, conceal'.) The condition that results from moving physical matter into the fourth dimension.

“A body while in the “Jinn” state can float in the air (Laghima) or be submerged within the waters (Prakamya), or pass through fire without being burned, or be reduced to the size of an atom (Anima), or be enlarged to the point of touching the sun or the moon with the hand (Mahima). A body submerged within the supra-sensible worlds is submitted to the laws of those worlds. Then, this body is plastic and elastic, so it can change form, decrease its weight (Laghima), or increase its weight (Garima) willingly... When Jesus was walking upon the waters of the Sea of Galilee, he had his body in the state of “Jinn.” Peter was able to liberate himself from the chains and to leave the prison, thanks to the assistance of an Angel who helped him place his body in the state of “Jinn.”” - Samael Aun Weor, The Aquarian Message

"My friends, the people of Lemuria lived normally within the fourth dimension. This is why it is stated that Adam and Eve inhabited the terrestrial paradise. However, when humanity delivered themselves to fornication, when the animal passions were unleashed, then the human beings left paradise, they abandoned the fourth vertical. Nevertheless, it is good to know that the powers in order to pass from one dimension into the other, from the third to the fourth and vice versa, are in a latent state in all human beings, and they can manifest, to become active, whether in an spontaneous or in a permanent way. The Jinn people from Ireland cited by you, as well as from other parts of the world, have those powers in activity, therefore they can pass from one dimension to another by will and without any effort. Nonetheless, it is obvious that the simpler the person is, the less complicated his mind is, the easier it is to perform such marvels." - Samael Aun Weor, Gazing at the Mystery

Learn Jinn science: The Yellow Book

Sanskrit जीव, literally "life, living being, the principle of life, vital breath, soul, existing, existence."

In Hinduism, jiva is often a reference only to the individual, embodied soul. 

"The individual with all his Vasanas (desires or previous impressions) within himself is called a Jiva." —Yoga-Vasishtha

"Sex and ego are the products of Avidya or nescience. The dawn of spiritual knowledge of the Self will annihilate these two enemies of Atman, the two dacoits who are plundering the helpless, ignorance, little false Jiva, the illusory ‘I’." —Swami Sivananda

"Man or the little Jiva is imperfect. He is full of defects. He is simply waiting for claiming superiority over others." —Swami Sivananda

(Sanskrit) From jiva (जीव living being), and atman (the Being, the Innermost). Originated from the root jīv- 'to breathe'. Jivatman is used to mean the individual soul or essence.

"Jivatman is the individual soul, a reflection of Brahman in Avidya or the mind. Paramatman is the Supreme Soul, Brahman or the Atman. From the empirical viewpoint, the Jivatman is a finite and conditioned being, while the Paramatman is the infinite, eternal, Sat-chit-ananda Brahman. In essence, the Jivatman is identical with Paramatman when Avidya (ignorance) is destroyed." - Sivananda

(Sanskrit) From the root jna, "to know." Knowledge; wisdom. Has levels of application.

1. Intellectual or general knowledge. Logical knowledge of spiritual things.

2. In Mahayana teachings, this term refers to having a command of all the rational aspects of the Shravakayana (Foundational) teachings.

The precise use of this term refers to enlightened or conscious wisdom that is beyond dualistic thought. The Tibetan equivilant is yeshe, which is composed of ye, which means "primordial knowledge that has always existed," and she, which means "to know."

(Hebrew איוב) A symbolic figure in the Jewish pantheon who represents a very high degree of spiritual development during which the initiate is receiving the final tests before complete awakening. This is revealed in the name as spelled in Hebrew, which is איוב, composed of אוב, which refers to magic, the work of a magi (priest), someone who works with the letter י iod, which represents Kether, the supreme spehirah on the Tree of Life.

(English) A masculine proper name, derived from the Latin Johannes / Joannes, derived from the Greek Ἰωάννης Ioannes, which comes from the Hebrew יוחנן Yochanan / Yohanan, literally "Jehovah has favored," from hanan "he was gracious." As the name of John the Baptist and John the Evangelist, it is one of the most common Christian given names.

(Hebrew יוסף Yowceph) Like a characters in scripture and myth, the Biblical name Joseph is symbolic. The name hides a very deep Kabbalistic meaning. IO (יו) represents the divine Father (I, phallus) and Mother (O, uterus) whose union creates the Son (Christ, Horus). Cephas means stone, a reference to the foundation stone of the temple: the sephirah Yesod, the sexual energy.

"Thou art Simon the son of (יונה) IOnah: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation, A stone.” – John 1:42

IO-cephas is identical to IO-patar: Jupiter (Zeus), the Greco-Roman symbol of "the father of the Gods." Patar is Latin for stone.

"Binah is Abba and Aima, Father and Mother or Joseph and Mary as they are called in Christianity, here we are talking about those archetypes called Joseph and Mary which alchemically are IO the Latin letters I and O; IO are representations, I masculine and the O the feminine. Jesus is the son of Joseph (IO-Cephas) and Mary (MarIO or RamIO), IO represents the androgynism. Cephas means stone (Yesod) and Ram is the fire of “M” water." - The lecture Yeshua, the Jew Zeus

(Hebrew יהושוע‎ Yehoshua; Greek: Ἰησοῦς; both names are identical to Jesus) A character in the Hebrew Bible (Exodus, Numbers and Joshua), leader of the tribes of Israel after the death of Moses. Whether in the New Testament as Ἰησοῦς (Jesus) or in the Books of Moses as יהושוע‎ (Joshua or Hoshea), the name is the same (יהושוע‎), derived from the Hebrew root ישע, "salvation," "to deliver/be liberated," or "to be victorious." Thus the symbol is the same: the savior or Messiah (Christ) who is born inside the initiate to liberate "the people of Israel" (the consciousness) from bondage to the ego.

(Hebrew יהודה) One of the twelve tribes of Israel. The children of Judah are the Self-realized Masters, the Christified Ones, the Prophets, the Buddhas, who in the Bible are called esoterically, the children of the lion from the tribe of Judah or lion's cubs. The twelve tribes of Israel are related with the twelve Zodiacal Orders. Leo is Judah the most exalted among the twelve Orders. Let us remember the ‘Lions of Fire’, the ‘Lions of Life’, the ‘Igneous Shapeless Breaths’, the Triple Divine Powers, who emanated from the active, omni-penetrating and omniscient Okidanokh or Ain Soph Aur. These ‘Lions of Fire’ are Kether, Chokmah, and Binah, true Dragons of Wisdom. The Children of Judah possess the Three Kayas of Buddhism: Dharmakaya, Sambhogakaya and Nirmanakaya.

The name Judas (Greek) is a translation from the Hebrew name Judah, the most exalted tribe of Israel. In Hebrew, Judah is יהודה, a very significant name that joins the most holy name of God (יהוה) with the letter ד Daleth, which represents a doorway and is the first letter of the word Daath (knowledge), indicating the secret teachings.

The name Judas is most known in relation to two disciples of Jesus, particularly Judas Iscariot, who led the Rabbis to Jesus and began the process of his torture and crucifixion, a role that has since associated the name Judas with betrayal. 

"Judas Iscariot is not as many think, a man who betrayed his Master. No! Judas Iscariot performed a script taught by his Master, and that is all! Jesus of Nazareth himself prepared him, and Judas learned this script by memory, thus, consciously, he played his role in public. The doctrine of Judas signifies the elimination of all our psychological aggregates: death to the ego. This is why Judas “hung himself,” in order to indicate that the ego must be reduced to ashes. Judas followed a script, and nothing else. He prepared himself conscientiously in order to not contradict at all the sacred scriptures. Just as any actor performs his role, Judas rehearsed it many times before performing it in public, and nothing more. Judas is and continues to be the most exalted disciple of Jesus of Nazareth. Judas achieved Christification." - Samael Aun Weor, Kabbalah of the Mayan Mysteries (1977)


(from Latin Iupeter, from Proto-Indo-European *dyeu-peter- "god-father") The supreme deity of the ancient Romans. From *deiw-os "god" (Zeus) + peter "father" in the sense of "male head of a household." Compare Greek Zeu pater, vocative of Zeus pater "Father Zeus;" Sanskrit Dyauspita "heavenly father." Also called Jove.

The Roman name for the supreme God, called Ζευς Zeus by the Greeks.

"Among the Greeks, Christ is called Zeus, Jupiter, the Father of the Gods." - Samael Aun Weor, The Perfect Matrimony

As a planetary influence, Jupiter is related to: "High civil and ecclesiastic military persons, matters related with money, big businesses, matters related with judges and with tribunals, etc." (Samael Aun Weor, Manual of Practical Magic). Governed by Zachariel.

" is known in accordance with the classics that there are more than three hundred Jupiters within the Greek pantheon... JOVE or IOD-EVE in his other aspect is the male-female JEHOVAH, or the collective androgyny of Elohim from the books of Moses, the Adam Kadmon of the Kabbalists..." - Samael Aun Weor, The Three Mountains

Latin iustitia "righteousness, equity."

"Justice is the supreme mercy and the supreme mercilessness of the law." - Samael Aun Weor, The Revolution of Beelzebub

In Kabbalah, justice is related with the sephirah Geburah.