In 1642, the Fifth Dalai Lama, Lobsang Gyatso, was enthroned as the spiritual and political leader of Tibet. In 1645, he oversaw the beginning of the construction of the Potala Palace, which took almost forty-three years to complete. It is one of the wonders of the world. The Fifth Dalai Lama was a great scholar who wrote many books on a wide variety of subjects. He established two educational institutions, one for lay officials and another for monk officials, where they were taught Mongolian, Sanskrit, astrology, poetry, and administration. He was a man of few words, but what he said carried conviction and influenced rulers beyond the borders of Tibet. Many still regard him not only as one of the greatest Tibetan leaders in history, yet also one of the most spiritually enlightened.
"We should not mistake the Truth with opinions. Many think that the Truth is this or that, or that the Truth is within this or that book, or within this or that belief or idea, etc. Whosoever wants to experience the Truth should not mistake beliefs, ideas, opinions and theories with that which is the Truth. We must experience the Truth in a direct, practical and real manner; this is only possible in the stillness and silence of the mind, and this is achieved by means of meditation."