Etymologies, meanings, and definitions of spiritual, religious, and philosophical words beginning with the letter R.
(Hebrew רע) Literally "pollution" or "impurity." Wrongly translated in the Bible as "evil." Do not confuse with the Egyptian name Ra (see: Re).
"And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil [רע]." - Genesis 2
"Said Rabbi Jose: "Is not this sin synonymous with what is termed rashang (wickedness or wrongdoing)?" "No," replied Rabbi Jehuda, "for rashang is applied to intentional evil ere it becomes an actuality, but Ra refers to him who defiles himself by the dissipation of his vital powers [fornication, abuse of sexual energy] and thus gives himself up to the unclean spirit called Ra. He who thus renders himself impure will never attain unto the Divine Life nor behold the face of the Shekina, whose disappearance from the world previous to the deluge was owing to the vice termed Ra. Woe unto him who indulges in it, for he will never experience the joy of living [Eden] in the presence of the Holy One, but will drag on through life as a degraded captive and miserable slave of Ra, the unclean spirit..." - Zohar
In Gnosis, the term race generally refers stages of development in the history of humanity. See: Root Races.
In regards to the variations visible in the current Aryan Root Race, Samael Aun Weor wrote: "God has no preference for anyone. All human beings without distinction of sex, race, creed or color are beloved children of the Father. They have the same rights... God has no racial prejudice. He loves all his children with infinite love, without distinction of sex, race, creed or color. We must love all human beings. We must give even the last drop of our blood for all our brothers and sisters who belong to this great human family." - Samael Aun Weor, Igneous Rose
(Sanskrit) "Royal Yoga." Swami Sivananda from his book Raja Yoga: "Raja Yoga is the king of Yogas. It concerns directly with the mind. In this Yoga there is no struggling with Prana or physical body. There are no Hatha Yogic Kriyas. The Yogi seats at ease, watches his mind and silences the bubbling thoughts. He stills the mind, restraints the thought-waves and enters into the thoughtless state or Asamprajnata Samadhi, Hence the name Raja Yoga. Though Raja Yoga is a dualistic philosophy and treats of Prakriti and Purusha, it helps the student in Advaitic Realization of oneness eventually. Though there is the mention of Purusha, ultimately the Purusha becomes identical with Highest Self or Purusha, or Brahman of Upanishads. Raja Yoga pushes the student to the highest rung of the spiritual ladder of Advaitic realization of Brahman."
Patanjali's Raja Yoga is generally termed the Ashtanga Yoga or the Yoga of Eight Limbs, through the practice of which freedom is achieved. These eight limbs are:
One of the three gunas, or qualities of nature. The quality of emotion, energy, craving, attachment, tension, or activity.
From the Mahabarata: “Brahma said: I shall now declare to you accurately what the quality of Passion (Rajas) is. Injuring others, beauty, toil, pleasure and pain, cold and heat, lordship (or power), war, peace, arguments, dissatisfaction, endurance, might, valour, pride, wrath, exertion, quarrel, jealousy, desire, malice, battle, the sense of meum or mineness, protection of others, slaughter, bonds, and affliction, buying and selling, lopping off, cutting, piercing and cutting off the coat of mail that another has worn, fierceness, cruelty, vilifying, pointing out the faults of others, thoughts entirely devoted to worldly affairs, anxiety, animosity, reviling of others, false speech, false or vain gifts, hesitancy or doubts, boastfulness of speech, praise and criticisms, laudation, prowess, defiance, attendance (as on the weak and the sick), obedience (to the commands of preceptors and parents), service or ministrations, harbouring of thirst or desire, cleverness or dexterity of conduct, policy heedlessness, contumely, possessions, and diverse decorations that prevail in the world among men, women, animals, inanimate things, houses, grief, incredulousness, vows and regulations, actions with expectation (of good result), diverse acts of public charity, the rites in respect of Swaha salutations, rites of Swadha and Vashat, officiating at the sacrifices of others, imparting of instruction, performance of sacrifices, study, making of gifts, acceptance of gifts, rites of expiation, auspicious acts, the wish to have this and that, affection generated by the merits of the object for which or whom it is felt, treachery, deception, disrespect and respect, theft, killing, desire of concealment, vexation, wakefulness, ostentation, haughtiness, attachment, devotion, contentment, exultation, gambling, indulgence in scandal, all relations arising out of women, attachment to dancing, instrumental music and songs – all these qualities have been said to belong to the quality of Passion (Rajas).”
or Ramachandra. The hero of the Ramayana, a divine incarnation of Vishnu.
A great Master from a previous era.
A symbol of the Bodhisattva (Tiphereth).
"...the word Rama, which also means sexual enjoyment, is equivalent to the liberator-Brahman, Ra + a + ma..." —Arthur Avalon (Sir John Woodroffe), Shakti and Shâkta 
(Hebrew) לציון 'Ratzon' means 'desire or will' and קַבָּלָ 'Kabel' means 'to receive.'
Gnostic Kabbalah explains that there are two types of reasoning (intelligence); one is objective reasoning and the other subjective reasoning. Objective reasoning depends on the use of our will or Ratzon, whereas subjective reasoning depends on the use of our desire. Thus, there are two types of Ratzon: one above (willpower or Tiphereth) and the other below (desire or Nephesh).
Subjective reasoning develops through the data that we “receive” through the physical senses of the animal soul (Nephesh).
Objective reasoning develops through the data that we “receive” through the superlative consciousness or spiritual soul of the Being (Neshamah).
The light of the Ain Soph Aur, also known as the Okidanokh, Quetzalcoatl, Kulkulcan, Krestos, and Christ. This Ray decends as a lightning bolt, creating and illuminating all the levels of existence.
"The proper arrangement of the Ray of Creation is as follows:
1. Absolute - Protocosmos
2. All the worlds from all of the clusters of Galaxies - Ayocosmos
3. A Galaxy or group of Suns - Macrocosmos
4. The Sun, Solar System - Deuterocosmos
5. The Earth, or any of the planets - Mesocosmos
6. The Philosophical Earth, Human Being - Microcosmos
7. The Abyss, Hell - Tritocosmos
"The brothers and sisters of the Gnostic Movement must deeply comprehend the esoteric knowledge which we give in this Christmas Message, in order for them to exactly know the place that they occupy in the Ray of Creation." - Samael Aun Weor, The Elimination of Satan's Tail
To learn more, study this lecture: Omnipenetrating Ray of Okidanokh
"Our real Being is the inner Christ. Our real Being is of a universal nature. Our real Being is neither a kind of superior nor inferior "I." Our real Being is impersonal, universal, divine. He transcends every concept of "I," me, myself, ego, etc., etc." - Samael Aun Weor, The Perfect Matrimony
There are two forms of reasoning: Objective and Subjective.
"Objective Reasoning was developed before the Greco-Roman period emerged. The primeval Aryans of the first sub-race of the great Aryan Root Race (which flourished in Central Asia) had developed it. The people of the second sub-race (prior to the period of the solar Rishis) possessed it. The Egyptians of the ancient Dynasties of the Pharaohs, the Babylonians, the sages of Afghanistan, Turkestan and Iraq also used it. This type of reasoning practically ended with Greek reasoning. The Greeks were the ones who began to play with words and ended up establishing the Subjective Reasoning based on external sensory perceptions, thus drowning out the Objective Reasoning, eliminating it from the face of the Earth. Since then, humanity only possesses subjective reasoning, external sensory perceptions, the data provided through the five senses." - The Aquarian Message
"(Subjective) Reasoning is one thing and intuition is another. Reasoning only nourishes itself with external sensorial perceptions (by means of the senses it perceives or receives impressions and then produces sensations). Thus, reasoning ends up being negative and limited. The reasoning person believes that he can attain the truth through the struggle of antithesis, but this only divides the mind and incapacitates it to comprehend the truth." - The Revolution of Beelzebub
Objective Reasoning is a power of the Being. "The process of (subjective) reasoning divorces the mind from the Innermost. A mind which is divorced from the Innermost falls into the abyss of black magic. Many times the Innermost gives an order and the mind reveals itself with its reasoning. The Innermost speaks by hunches, thoughts and superlative intuition but the mind reveals by reasoning and comparison. Reasoning is based on opinions, in the struggle of antithetic concepts, in the process of conceptual election, etc. Reasoning divides the mind between the struggles of the antitheses. Antithetic concepts convert the mind into a battlefield. A mind which is divided by the battle of reasoning, by the struggle of antithetic concepts, fractions the understanding and converts the mind into a worthless instrument for the Being, for the Innermost." - Tarot and Kabbalah
"The following law in life exists: before initiating its new manifestations, Nature has to recapitulate all of its former manifestations. Therefore, whosoever wants to objectively know all of the evolving processes of humanity has to observe the human fetus from its very conception. Within the maternal womb, the human fetus recapitulates the whole metamorphosis of the human body from its very ancient origins." - Samael Aun Weor, The Revolution of Beelzebub
Samael Aun Weor and Helena Petrovna Blavatsky both warned of a sect of Tibetan mystics known as the “red hats.” This has been taken by many Gnostic and Theosophical students literally, spreading fear of any Tibetan that utilizes a red hat or crown. Later of course, Samael Aun Weor investigated this matter more deeply, and corrected his warning to be directed squarely at those he called "Dugpas," which, again, literally, could be interpreted as a reference to the Drukpa sect of the Kagyu school, yet Drukpa means "dragon," is is thus actually referring to those who have awakened as "black dragons," black magicians.
It should be known that three of the four Tibetan Buddhist schools use red hats in their rituals. Even the great master Padmasambava (known as the “second Buddha” by Tibetans) donned a red hat. Therefore, it is clear that the use of a red hat does not automatically denote a follower of black tantra.
The term “red hat” in Tibetan is “Shamar.” Shamar-pa or “Red Hat Lama” is a tulku or reincarnated Lama of the Kagyu sect of Tibetan Buddhism who does indeed wear a red hat as a symbol of his position. Although the majority of Tibetan lamas wear red hats, the name “Shamarpa” means “the red hat” and his entourage and monks are considered “those that follow the red hat.”
During the time of the 8th Dalai Lama (1770's), the Shamarpa was incarnated as the brother of the Panchen Lama, a very high Gelugpa, seen as second only to the Dalai Lama. After the death of the Panchen Lama, his reincarnation was being sought. In the meantime, because he didn't inherit the wealth left by his late brother the Panchen Lama, the Shamarpa colluded with the Gurkas of Nepal and pretended that he was kidnapped, in order to weasel a ransom which he thought was rightfully his. The 8th Dalai Lama and his Kushog (advisors) saw through this obvious farce and didn't pay the ransom. Not only did the Shamarpa make it out of Nepal alive, but the Nepalese Gurkas attacked Tibet, killing thousands of monks and lay people. This problem, along with others, was caused by the Shamarpa's ill will. Because of this, the Dalai Lama banned the reincarnation of the Shamarpa forever. The Lamas of the time took his famous red hat and buried it under the steps to the Jokang Temple so that anyone going to the most powerful temple in Tibet would trample the hat of the Shamarpa.
In the 1960's, the 16th Karmapa asked the Dalai Lama for his permission to once again recognize the Shamar Lama reincarnation. The Dalai Lama, trying to be a good statesman and repair wounds between the Gelugpa and Kagyupa orders, agreed (the Dalai Lama was very young and under tremendous political pressure and ordeals at the time). The current Shamar is the first one to be recognized in two hundred years. The Shamarpa does not look well upon the Dalai Lama or the Gelugpa.
The present Shamar Lama is very well known for his direct and in depth connection with the Drukpa Kagyu that live in Bhutan (the Tibetan word for people from Bhutan is Drukpa).
Genuine re-incarnation is the descent of divinity into a human being. In order for the Innermost, the Spirit, to reincarnate, his Soul needs to build Astral, Mental and Causal Solar Bodies. The incarnation of Christ into a human being is what is called an Avatar. In Hinduism, Vishnu is the Christ, the Solar Logos. This is why in India they say that reincarnation is performed by Vishnu. Krishna spoke about this, by saying: "Only the Devas reincarnate."
"Thus, Reincarnation is a feat accomplished only by the great illuminated souls, in which they consciously choose to be born in a particular time and place; in other words, they chose to incarnate the Being in a new physical body. Only beings with conscious development can do this.
"The word reincarnation is most demanding, it must not be used carelessly: No one would be able to reincarnate without first having eliminated the ego, without truly possessing sacred Individuality.Incarnation is a very venerable word, signifying in fact the reembodiment of the Divine in a man." - Samael Aun Weor, The Mystery of the Golden Blossom
"Mere giving up of objects will not constitute real renunciation. Dear friends, remember this point well. True Tyaga or renunciation consists in renouncing egoism, "I-ness," "mine-ness," selfishness, desires and cravings of all sorts." - Swami Sivananda, How to Get Vairagya
"Based on renunciations (each time more incredible), one advances on the path of John." - Samael Aun Weor, The Doomed Aryan Race
"Without pure renunciation, there is no way to end this striving for pleasant results in the ocean of life. It is because of their hankering life as well that beings are fettered, so seek renunciation first. Leisure and fortune are hard to find, life is not long; think it constantly, stop desire for this life. Think over and over how deeds and their fruits never fail, and the cycle’s suffering: stop desire for the future. When you have meditated thus and feel not even a moment’s wish for the good things of cyclic life, and when you begin to think both night and day of achieving freedom, you have found renunciation." - Tsong Khapa, Three Principal Paths
"In the practical field of life, a person is an object of the senses. The mental representation or mental image we have of a person is another thing. It is something similar to the difference that exists between a person and her photograph. The person is a person and her photograph is a photograph, and her representation is what it represents. There are mental photos, and the mental photos we may have of that person are one thing and the actual person is another thing. This mental photo comes to be the representation of that person. Psychological aggregates constitute the ego, but representations reflect objects in the world of senses." - Lecture: Mental Representations
A Master who has completed the Second Mountain, thereby eliminating the entirety of their defects, and has resurrected his or her physical body. This type of master has no ego (pride, lust, anger, etc), but still needs to work a lot in order to gain the right to enter into the Absolute.
"Every resurrected master has Solar Bodies, but does not have Lunar Bodies. The resurrected masters have powers over fire, air, water and the earth. Resurrected masters can transmute physical lead into physical gold. The resurrected masters govern life and death. They can conserve the physical body for millions of years. They know the quadrature of the circle and the perpetual movement. They have the universal medicine, and speak the very pure language of the Divine Tongue which, like a golden river, flows delightfully through the thick, sunny jungle." - Samael Aun Weor, The Esoteric Treatise of Hermetic Astrology
"The [number of] resurrected masters can be counted on the fingers of the hands. [...] Hermes, Cagliostro, Paracelsus, Nicholas Flamel, Quetzalcoatl, St. Germain, Babaji, etc., preserved their physical bodies for thousands, and even millions of years, without death harming them. They are resurrected masters." - Samael Aun Weor, Alchemy and Kabbalah
The process of the soul entering into a new born physical body as determined by karma and circumstance. This is the norm for all humanoid creatures on this planet, and a mechanical process, not a conscious choice, in spite of popular belief.
Return is also applied to the twenty-second Arcanum, which is also the Crown of Life. The return to the light is performed through the Venustic Initiations.
The soul of every living organism emanates from an atom. This atom is the Ain Soph. Each person has his own Ain Soph. This is a star that shines in infinite space beyond the nine Heavens (nine Sephiroth). Every Soul must return to their Star, to their own Ain Soph. This return towards their Star, the Ain Soph, is a divine event, which is performed by the incarnation of the Truth within us.
The day when the soul is Self-realized will be when it has the luxury of returning to its star. This was commented on by Plato in his "TIMEUS." Each three-brained biped being (intellectual animal) needs to create the solar bodies in order to return to that star.
The return towards the Great Light has been initiated. Life has started to flow from the outer towards the inner. We are now faced with the dilemma of, "To be or not to be." We need to define ourselves as angels or demons, eagles or reptiles. We have to confront our own destiny.
In Gnosis, the revolution is the battle of the consciousness against the ego. This revolution is symbolized in many ways, in many traditions, often as a war (The Mahabarata). This is a revolution against animal instinct, desire, mechanicity and complacency, all of which make up our own mind.
(Tibetan) Literally, "knowing." The Sanskrit equivilent is vidya. Its opposite is avidya, "unknowing, ignorance." When used as a verb, rigpa means "to be aware, to know." As a noun it means (1) all conscious experiences (knowledge, gnosis), (2) cognizance, (3) the science of Gnosis, (4) pure awareness itself, the very nature of mind.
"Unknowing (marigpa) is to not know the main substance of mind. Knowing (rigpa) is to see this basic substance of mind." - Padamsambhava, The Cycle of Vital Points
The rivers of Eden are symbolic (see: Eden), and carry many levels of meaning.
"And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone." The land of Havilah is our own physical body, and the gold of this land is the solar atoms from our seminal system, that is to say, the semen’s potable gold. And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia. This second river is the cerebrospinal fluid, which is the other pole of our seminal system. With it we encompass the whole land of Ethiopia, that is to say, the whole of our head and throat, since we form the brain and throat with the cerebrospinal fluid. "And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates." (Genesis 2:10-14) The river which goes toward the east of Assyria and the river Euphrates are the two poles of the woman’s seminal system. Therefore, the woman is towards the east of us, because she is the door of Paradise and this door is always towards the east. Eden is sex itself. Thus, the Tree of Life is within Eden itself. The great hierophant Eliphas Levi said that the great magical Arcanum is the Tree of Life and that “at the foot of this Tree is the source of the four mysterious rivers of Eden.” Yet, he fearfully says in a moment of consternation: “Here I must pause, and I fear that already I have said too much.” This is the formidable, unutterable secret which no Initiate has ever dared to reveal. This is the formidable secret of the “Great Arcanum.” The four rivers of Eden are the sexual forces of man and woman. The Tree of Life is in the midst of these four rivers of Eden." - Samael Aun Weor, The Revolution of Beelzebub
"The first river corresponds to the element earth of the Wise (the Tattwa Prittwi). The second river corresponds to the element water (Tattwa Apas). The third river corresponds to the element air (Tattwa Vayu). The fourth river is the element fire (Tattwa Tejas)." - Samael Aun Weor, The Aquarian Message
"In Genesis, written by Moses, the four rivers of Eden are mentioned, the four rivers of milk. These four are the flaming fire, the pure water of life, the impetuous air, and the perfumed elemental earth of the sages (the four tattvas)." - Samael Aun Weor, The Perfect Matrimony
"Every planet develops seven Root Races and seven Subraces. Our planet Earth already developed five Root Races; it needs to develop two more Root Races. After the seven Root Races, the planet Earth, already transformed by cataclysms over the course of millions of years, will become a new moon." - The Kabbalah of the Mayan Mysteries
The seven Root Races of this planet Earth are:
Each Root Race has seven subraces. The seven subraces of our present-day Aryan Root Race have developed in these primary areas:
A lodge in the internal worlds whose members are all Resurrected Masters. The groups in the physical world who call themselves Rosicrucian have absolutely no affiliation with the True Order. In particular, Samael Aun Weor indicates repeatedly in many books that the school of A.M.O.R.C. (based in California) has nothing to do with the true Order. See The Revolution of Beelzebub by Samael Aun Weor for more information.
"The order of the Logos, the true Rosicross, does not have a visible or tangible organization in the physical world, it does not have a physical temple; this only exists in the superior worlds. The brethren of the Rosicrucian Order who have physical bodies here in this tridimensional world are all of them Resurrected Masters. They are Resurrected Masters who already incarnated the Christ.Those from distinct schools and orders in this physical world who denominate themselves Rosicrucian are false. The true Rosicrucian Order that the Logos has established upon the face of the Earth does not have any visible organization, it does not dictate courses by correspondence, nor does it collect fees, nor does it have juridical personality, nor does it have internal or external statutes. Their members are not even acquainted with each other in this physical world. They might be acquainted with each other in the superior worlds, yet in this physical world they very seldom, very seldom encounter each other." - Samael Aun Weor, The Kabbalah of the Mayan Mysteries
Also ruwach (Hebrew רוח means spirit, wind, or breath)
"And the רוח (Spirit) of אלהים (Elohiym, God) moved upon the face of the waters." - Genesis 1:2
See: Ruach Elohim.
In Kabbalah, Ruach also refers to one the three souls of the human being. Ruach is called the Thinking Soul.
"Who knoweth the רוח of the sons of man that is going up on high, and the רוח of the beast that is going down below to the earth?" - Ecclesiastes 3:21
"The thinking emotional soul is inserted within the lunar bodies of desire." - Samael Aun Weor, Tarot and Kabbalah
"The Initiate must descend into the infernal worlds for forty-days and has to recapitulate all of the evil deeds and frightful dramas of his past incarnations; little by little, the Initiate departs from these tenebrous regions. Before departing, the three souls (Nephesh, Ruach and Neshamah) are submitted to ordeals. How interesting it is to see the animal soul submitted to ordeals, as well as the thinking soul and the Essence (fraction of Neshamah) that also is submitted to ordeals." - Samael Aun Weor