Etymologies, meanings, and definitions of spiritual, religious, and philosophical words beginning with the letter O.

“The modern, revolutionary psychology of the new Age of Aquarius utilizes the terms “objective ” and “subjective” in the following way:

A) Objective - Real, spiritual, true, divine, etc.

B) Subjective - Vague, incoherent, not precise, illusory, fantastical, absurd.” - Samael Aun Weor, The Three Mountains

“Let us distinguish between the mind, and a mind of Light. Let us distinguish between subjective reasoning, and objective reasoning. Objective reasoning is the reasoning of the Being. Subjective reasoning is the reasoning of the animal ego. Objective reasoning is possessed only by the one who has passed through the Buddhist Annihilation [the complete elimination of the ego: pride, lust, envy, avarice, laziness, jealousy, anger, etc]... The objective reasoning is the mind of light, it is real intelligence, exalted thoughts.” - Samael Aun Weor, The Gnostic Bible: The Pistis Sophia Unveiled

"Ladies and gentlemen, I want you to know in a concrete, clear, and definite manner, that two types of reasoning exist. We must denominate the first one as subjective reasoning, and we must qualify the second as objective reasoning. Unquestionably, external, sensory perceptions are the foundation of the first type of reasoning. Yet, the second type of reasoning is different. This can only be processed in accordance with the inner, vivid experiences of the consciousness." - Samael Aun Weor, Hell, the Devil, and Karma

“In Gnostic Christic esotericism, we are always quoting six degrees of the conscious objective reasoning of the Being. The degrees of development of the objective reasoning of the Being are known by the number of tridents that are shown on the horns of the individual Christus-Lucifer, who is within each one of us.” - Samael Aun Weor, The Gnostic Bible: The Pistis Sophia Unveiled

"secret, not divulged," from Middle French occulte and directly from Latin occultus "hidden, concealed, secret."

Although modern people believe the word "occult" only relates to black magic, witchcraft, and other despicable practices, the word is used in the Bible in a positive way:

"Howbeit we (Gnostics) speak (Kabbalistic) wisdom among them that are (spiritually) perfect: yet (the wisdom of the mysterious Sephirah Daath that is) not the (materialistic) wisdom of this world, nor of the (intellectual) princes of this world (of Kali Yuga), that come to nought: But we speak the (Kabbalistic) wisdom of God in (the) mystery (of the Sephirah Daath), even the occult wisdom, which God ordained before (the creation of) the world unto our glory: Which none of the (intellectual) princes of this age (of Kali Yuga) knew: for had they known it, they would not have crucified (with their filthy fornication) the Lord of (Hod) glory. But as it is written, (the intellectual) Eye hath not seen, nor (the intellectual) ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of (a fornicator) man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him (by means of the transmutation of their sexual waters into the wine of spirituality). But God hath revealed them unto us by his (Holy) Spirit: (that rises throughout the channel of Sushumna of our spinal medulla) for the (Spiritual Atom of the Holy) Spirit (in the Pineal Gland) searches all things, yea, the deep things of God. For what man knows the things of a man, save the (energy of the Holy) Spirit of man which is in (the sexual organs of) him? Even so the things of God know no man, but the (Holy) Spirit of God. Now we (are not fanatical believers who babble incoherent words or Mediums or Chanellers of Spiritualism, because we) have received not the spirit of the world of (Klipoth), but the (Holy) Spirit which is of God (in the Stone of Jacob, the Stone of Yesod); that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God. Which things also we speak (in the language of scientific chastity or Alchemy), not in the words which (the intellectual animal mistakenly called) man's wisdom teaches, but which the Holy Spirit teaches; comparing spiritual things with (authentic) spiritual (matters). But the natural man (who performs the sexual act as an animal) receives not the things of the (Holy) Spirit of God (because he is a fornicator due to the sexual orgasm): for they are foolishness unto him (because he has his brain and his pineal gland atrophied due to fornication): neither can he know them (the mysteries of God), because they are spiritually discerned (with a Solar Christified Mind). But he that is spiritual (is spiritual because he created a spiritual body through scientific chastity and thus he) judged all things (with his superlative intuition), yet he himself is judged of no (fornicator) man. For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ (the Solar Mind)." —1 Corinthians 2: 6 -16

(Nahuatl for “tiger/jaguar,” where the name ocelot originated). Refers to the Order of the Tiger Knights amongst the Aztec initiates. These initiates specialized in Jinn science and are considered as Nahua (see: Nahua). They would enter in to the Jinn state and shape shift into Tigers or Jaguars while pronouncing the sacred mantra “We belong to each other.” See: Tlamatinime.

The word octave comes from Medieval Latin octava, from Latin, feminine of octavus eighth, from octo "eight," and refers to the difference in sound between the first and eighth notes on a musical scale, thus indicating that the eighth note repeats the first, but higher or lower. To symbolize this, humanity has long used a scale to represent the steps between the first and eighth notes:


The first and last DO are an octave apart, and they sound very similar, almost like the same note, except that the top note is higher because it vibrates twice as fast, while lower octaves vibrate at half the speed, thus sounding lower.

This musical example illustrates a law that functions throughout nature, from the microcosmic level to the macrocosmic level.

"While making a list of the elements in the ascending order of their atomic weights, John A. Newlands discovered at every eighth element a distinct repetition of properties. This discovery is known as the law of octaves in modern chemistry." — Manly P. Hall

While the seven-note scale is very ancient and its origins unknown by modern humanity, the names DO-RE-MI were invented in the eleventh century. The names were taken from the first verse of the Latin hymn Ut queant laxis (8th century):

Ut queant laxīs resonāre fībrīs
ra gestõrum famulī tuõrum,
Solve pollūtī labiī reātum,
Sancte Iõhannēs.

Which means:

"So that these your servants can, with all their voice, sing your wonderful feats, clean the blemish of our spotted lips, O Saint John!"

In the 1600s "Ut" was changed to DO.

(Hebrew: עד) "The Universal Medicine is, for the soul, supreme reason and absolute justice; for the mind, it is mathematical and practical truth; for the body, it is the quintessence, which is a combination of gold and light. In the superior world, the first matter of the Great Work is enthusiasm and activity; in the intermediate world, it is intelligence and industry; in the inferior world, it is labour; in science it is sulfur, Mercury and Salt, which, volatilized and fixed alternately, compose the AZOTH of the sages. sulfur corresponds to the elementary form of fire, Mercury to air and water, Salt to earth. All masters in alchemy who have written concerning the Great Work have employed symbolical and figurative expressions, and have been right in so doing, not only to deter the profane from operations which would be dangerous for them, but to make themselves intelligible to adepts by revealing the entire world of analogies which is ruled by the one and sovereign dogma of Hermes. For such, gold and silver are the Sun and Moon, or the King and Queen; sulfur is the Flying Eagle; Mercury is the winged and bearded Hermaphrodite, throned upon a cube and crowned with flames; matter or Salt is the Winged Dragon; metals in the molten state are Lions of various colours; finally, the whole work is symbolized by the Pelican and Phoenix. Hermetic art is, therefore, at one and the same time, a religion, a philosophy and a natural science. Considered as religion, it is that of the ancient Magi and the initiates of all the ages; as a philosophy, its principles may be found in the school of Alexandria and in the theories of Pythagoras; as science, its principles must be sought from Paracelsus, Nicholas Flamel and Raymund Lully. The science is true only for those who accept and understand the philosophy and religion, while its processes are successful only for the adept who has attained sovereign volition, and has thus become monarch of the elementary world, for the Great Agent of the solar work is that force described in the Hermetic Symbol of the “Emerald Table”: it is universal magical power; it is the igneous spiritual motor; it is the OD of the Hebrews and the Astral Light, according to the expression which we have adopted in this work. There is the secret, living and philosophical fire, of which all Hermetic philosophers speak only under the most mysterious reservations; there is the universal sperm, the secret of which they guarded, representing it only under the emblem of the caduceus of Hermes. Here then is the great Hermetic Arcanum, and we reveal it for the first time clearly and devoid of mystical figures: that which the adepts term dead substances are bodies as found in Nature; living substances are those which have been assimilated and magnetized by the science and will of the operator. Therefore the Great Work is something more than a chemical operation: it is an actual creation of the human Word initiated into the power of the Word of God Himself." - Eliphas Levi, Dogma et Rituel de la Haute Magie (1855)

(Hebrew; some translate Odb as Ob) A Kabbalistic symbol representing two energetic forces in the body, known in Sanskrit as Ida and Pingala.

"You are my witness (Hebrew: עד OD), saith Iod Hei Vav Hei, and my servant (Hebrew: עבד OBD) whom I have chosen: that ye may know (Da'ath) and believe me, that these are the faces of your Binah: before me "El" (Chesed) was not formed, neither shall he (Chesed) become after me (Binah). I, even I, am Iod Hei Vav Hei; and AIN as part of me is one savior." - Isaiah 43: 10, 11

Oil appears as an important symbol throughout the Judeo-Christian scriptures as an important vessel for blessings and empowerments, but its meaning has never been revealed. Analysis of the Hebrew word reveals its true meaning: שמן is spelled shemen but pronounced semen. The symbol of oil hides the secret of sexual transmutation and purity.

"And Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took the stone that he had put [for] his pillows, and set it up [for] a pillar, and poured oil upon the top of it." - Genesis 28:18

"At all times, let your garments be white, and let oil [שמן shemen] not be wanting on your head [ראש ro'sh]." - Ecclesiastes 9

"Then Samuel [שמואל Shĕmuw'el] took the horn [keren, the phallus] of oil [שמן], and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit [רוח ruach] of the LORD [יהוה Yĕhovah] came upon David from that day forward." - 1 Samuel 16

"They that [were] foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them: But the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps." - Matthew 25

(Sanskrit ओजस्, literally "power or force of life, vigor, splendor, strength, power, lustre, vitality, water, energy, light") The energy that results from positive, pure spiritual transmutation, achieved through very specific techniques.

"The Yogis claim that of all the energies that are in the human body the highest is what they call "Ojas". Now this Ojas is stored up in the brain, and the more Ojas is in a man's head, the more powerful he is, the more intellectual, the more spiritually strong. One man may speak beautiful language and beautiful thoughts, but they, do not impress people; another man speaks neither beautiful language nor beautiful thoughts, yet his words charm. Every movement of his is powerful. That is the power of Ojas. Now in every man there is more or less of this Ojas stored up. All the forces that are working in the body in their highest become Ojas. You must remember that it is only a question of transformation. The same force which is working outside as electricity or magnetism will become changed into inner force; the same forces that are working as muscular energy will be changed into Ojas. The Yogis say that that part of the human energy which is expressed as sex energy, in sexual thought, when checked and controlled, easily becomes changed into Ojas, and as the Muladhara guides these, the Yogi pays particular attention to that centre. He tries to take up all his sexual energy and convert it into Ojas. It is only the chaste man or woman who can make the Ojas rise and store it in the brain; that is why chastity has always been considered the highest virtue. A man feels that if he is unchaste, spirituality goes away, he loses mental vigour and moral stamina. That is why in all the religious orders in the world which have produced spiritual giants you will always find absolute chastity insisted upon. That is why the monks came into existence, giving up marriage. There must be perfect chastity in thought, word, and deed; without it the practice of Raja-Yoga is dangerous, and may lead to insanity. If people practice Raja-Yoga and at the same time lead an impure life, how can they expect to become Yogis?" —Swami Vivekananda, Raja Yoga

"Sublimation is not a matter of suppression or repression, but a positive, dynamic, conversion process. It is the process of controlling the sex energy, conserving it, then diverting it into higher channels, and finally, converting it into spiritual energy or Ojas Sakti. The material energy is changed into spiritual energy, just as heat is changed into light and electricity. Just as a chemical substance is sublimated or purified by raising the substance through heat into vapour which again is condensed into solid form, so also, the sexual energy is purified and changed into divine energy by spiritual Sadhana." - Swami Sivananda, Brahmacharya

"The Sanskrit term Ojas means “transmuted sexual energy,” a type of Christic force. The semen is transmuted by means of Maithuna into subtle vapors, and these in turn convert themselves into energies that bipolarize in order to rise through Ida and Pingala up to the brain. To be converted into Ojas (Christic force) the semen must become “cerebrated.” In order to be charged with Ojas (Christic force), the brain must become “semenized.”” - Samael Aun Weor

A term utilized by Gurdjieff to describe the Ray of Creation, the primary emanation of the Ain Soph Aur, the Solar Absolute. The energy field origin of all the cosmoses and whose vibration manifests through the Law of Three within all dimensional material manifestations. Okidanokh is the fundamental cause of all cosmic phenomena; it is the Christic substance capable of penetrating all cosmic formations. Kabbalistically, it is the life source of the sacred Triamazikamno or Logoic Trimurti: Kether, Chokmah, Binah.

“You must also know further, that only one cosmic crystallization, existing under the name ‘Omnipresent-Okidanokh,’ obtains its prime arising—although it also is crystallized from Etherokrilno—from the three Holy sources of the sacred Theomertmalogos, that is, from the emanation of the Most Holy Sun Absolute. Everywhere in the Universe, this ‘Omnipresent-Okidanokh’ or ‘Omnipresent-Active-Element’ takes part in the formation of all both great and small arisings, and is, in general, the fundamental cause of most of the cosmic phenomena and, in particular, of the phenomena proceeding in the atmospheres." - Gurdjieff

"During manifestation, the Ain unfolds into the Ain Soph, and from it emerges the Ain Soph Aur, which appears as the sacred Absolute Sun, and from the sacred Absolute Sun arises the most blessed, omnipresent, all-pervading, omniscient Okidanokh. The most blessed Okidanokh is also mentioned by Blavatsky by the name the Great Breath. From the Great Breath, in turn, emerges the trinity, the Holy Triamatzikamno – namely, the Holy Affirmation, the Holy Negation, and the Holy Conciliation. The Holy Okidanokh, although it enters the worlds, does not remain involved in them, and in order to create the Holy Okidanokh has split asunder into its three basic elements, which are the Holy Affirmation, the Holy Negation, and Holy Conciliation. This is how the Trimurti arises: Kether, Chokmah and Binah; Father, Son and Holy Spirit; Positive, Negative, Neutral. Thus, the trinity emanates from the most blessed Okidanokh, which in turn, emanates from the holy Absolute Sun." - Samael Aun Weor, Alchemical Symbolism of the Nativity of Christ

Study: Omnipenetrating Ray of Okidanokh

"Imagine the Universal Spirit of Life as an ocean without beaches, without shores. Think for a moment of a wave that emerges in order to get lost anew within its liquid element. Then, this diamantine wave would be Ishvara. Brahma, the ocean of the Spirit, manifests itself as Ishvara, who is the Master of Masters, the Governor of the universe. Within Him, that Omniscience (which in others only exists as a germ) becomes infinite. He is the Master, even of the ancient Masters, since he is not ever limited by time. The word which manifests him is AUM." - Samael Aun Weor, The Gnostic Magic of the Runes

"The Reality, that which is perfection, that which has diverse names, such as Tao, Aum [OM], INRI, Sein, Allah, Brahma, God..." - Samael Aun Weor, Tarot & Kabbalah

"The mantra OM has the power to awaken the frontal and cardiac chakras, namely, clairvoyance and intuition. We attain enlightenment by meditating on the mantra OM." - Samael Aun Weor, The Major Mysteries

"The mantra Aum serves to open the chakras of the grand sympathetic nervous system." - Samael Aun Weor, Kundalini Yoga

(Aztec; Ome, “duality” and Cihuatl, “Lady”) The Lady of Duality. See Ometecuhtli.

The term Omer (an analogous symbol to that of the Scale of Justice) refers to the measure that was used to determine the quantity (one handful) of grain (this refers to the “hand” or will of God - the Iod within “Hei” the Uterus in Yesod) within which the Manna (his Infinite Sexual Force that originates the Second Birth) is contained.

“Speak unto the children of Israel (or igneous particles of the Being trapped within the Ego that - by means of sexual transmutation - are coming out of Egypt), and say unto them, When you enter into the land (spinal medulla) which I give unto you, and shall (by means of sexual transmutation) reap the harvest thereof, then you shall bring an Omer of the first fruits (of the tree of Good and Evil) of your harvest unto the priest (Chesed, the Innermost): And he shall wave the “Omer” before Iod-Havah, to be accepted for you: on the dawning after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it. - Leviticus 23: 10, 11

“And you shall count unto you from the dawning after the Sabbath (when you start sexual transmutation), from the day that you have brought the "Omer" (transmuted sexual seed offering); seven Sabbaths (Seven Initiations of Fire) shall be complete: Even unto the day after the Seventh Sabbath (Seventh Initiation of Fire) shall you count fifty days (if Nun, the heir to the throne, the Messiah incarnates); and you shall offer a new meat (of light) offering unto Iod-Havah.” - Leviticus 23:15-16

(Aztec; Ome, “duality” and Tecuhtli, “Lord”) The Lord of Duality. This is seen as the Androgynous nature of the Spirit. He is represented as being joined with his spouse Omecihuatl (see entry by that name). Ometecuhtli-Omecihuatl is the Aztec Osiris-Isis, Joseph-Mary, Shiva-Shakti, or Samantabahdra-Samantabahdri. This aspect of the Spirit is seen Kabbalistically within Daath, where divine creativity resides. The conjunction of Ometecuhtli-Omecihuatl is called Ometeotl, the one androgynous spirit.

The dwelling place of Ometeotl is the Omeyocan. The children of Ometecuhtli-Omecihuatl are the four aspects of the Cosmic Christ: Tezcatlipoca, Huitzilopochtli, Quetzalcoatl, and Xipetotec. See Omeyocan, Tezcatlipoca.

A very elevated Aztec heaven, literally meaning “Place of Duality.” Samael Aun Weor states in Aztec Christic Magic: “The Quetzalcoatlian Word makes the Omeyocan fertile, so that life can emerge in the dawn of creation. Unquestionably, only the wind and darkness exist within the Omeyocan before the word can fecundate the chaotic matter. Life waits for the latent instant in order to be awakened to a new activity within Yoalli-Ehecatl, there where the infinite quietude whirls about.” This is related to the mysteries of Daath.

(or Urdhvareta. Sanskrit; urdhva means "upwards")

  1. "In India, sexual magic (Arcanum A.Z.F.) is known by the Sanskrit term “Oordhvareta [Urdhvareta].” People who practice the Arcanum A.Z.F. in India are called Oordhvareta yogis. The Great Arcanum is found in a Hindustani book entitled Secrets of Yoga. The author is a yogi from Southern India." - Samael Aun Weor, The Yellow Book

  2. A perfect initiate whose sexual fluid is completely sublimated.

(Sanskrit; alternately urdhvareta)

"A Yogi always directs his attention to the accumulation of this divine energy by unbroken chastity. In Yoga, it is called Oordhvaretas. An Oordhvareta Yogi is one in whom the seminal energy has flown upwards into the brain as Ojas Sakti. There is now no possibility of the semen going downwards by sexual excitement." - Swami Sivananda, Practice of Brahmacharya

"The great Yogi-Avatar Sri Lahiri Lahasaya was called to the Initiation by the immortal Babaji when he already had a spouse. Thus, this is how the Yogi-Avatar was Self-realized. In Hindustan, Sexual Magic is known by the Sanskrit term Oordhvareta and the yogis who practice it are named Oordhvareta Yogis. Authentic yogis practice Sexual Magic with their spouse. There are two types of brahmacharya (sexual abstinence), solar and lunar. The solar type is for those that have performed the Second Birth. The lunar type of brahmacharya is that absurd sexual abstinence that serves only to produce filthy, nocturnal sexual pollutions with all of its fatal consequences... The yogis who practice Oordhvareta Yoga (positive Sexual Magic) do not ejaculate their Ens Seminis." - Samael Aun Weor, The Esoteric Course of Kabbalah

(Hebrew) According to Kabbalah, a being related to the sephirah Chokmah, equivalent to the Christian hierarchical level of “Cherubim.”

(Greek) A Gnostic Fraternity in Egypt and one of the earliest sects of Gnosticism; known as the Brotherhood of the Serpent. It flourished early in the second century and while holding some of the principles of Valentinus had its own occult rites and symbology. A living serpent representing the Krestos-principle (not Jesus the man) was displayed in their mysteries and reverenced as a symbol of wisdom, Sophia.

"In those times, the Atlantean Sacerdotal Medicine discovered what in this day and age we would scientifically call Human Opotherapy, that is, the infusion of glandular juices from the pituitary, thyroid, adrenal glands, etc., to sick and senile organisms." - Samael Aun Weor, The Kabbalah of Mayan Mysteries

The word ordeal is derived from Old English ordel, ordal, "judgment, verdict," from Proto-Germanic noun *uz-dailjam "that which is dealt out" (by the gods).

Ordeals are tests and challenges given by the inner Being (Divinity) to the consciousness of the aspirant to the spiritual development. Ordeals are given by the Innermost of the student through the circumstances of life. The tests are given continuously, in varying degrees, in order to reveal the qualities of the consciousness. Without ordeals, one cannot discover weaknesses and change them. Therefore, ordeals are primarily psychological. Ordeals generally correspond to the four elements according to their character and purpose:

  • Fire: the student faces the "fire" of criticism and must respond with love, patience, equanimity, etc. "The candidate is exposed to this ordeal in order to examine his serenity and sweetness. The wrathful and choleric inevitably fail this ordeal. The candidate experiences being persecuted, insulted, wronged etc." —Samael Aun Weor, The Perfect Matrimony
  • Water: tests the disciple’s altruism and philanthropy. "The candidate is thrown into the ocean and believes himself to be drowning. Those who do not know how to adapt themselves to the various social conditions of life, those who do not know how to live among the poor, those who after being shipwrecked in the ocean of life reject the struggle and prefer to die, they, the weak ones, inevitably fail in the ordeal of water." —Samael Aun Weor, The Perfect Matrimony
  • Air: measures the disciple’s capacity for resistance against great adversities, and for detachment from material things. "Those who despair because they lose something or someone, those who fear poverty, those who are not willing to lose what they love the most, fail in the ordeal of air. The candidate is thrown into the depths of a precipice. The weak ones cry out and return terrified to the physical body." —Samael Aun Weor, The Perfect Matrimony
  • Earth: tests the disciples ability to adapt to the inconveniences of life. "We must learn how to take advantage of the worst adversities. The worst adversities bring us the best opportunities. We must learn to smile before all adversities. This is the law. Those who succumb to pain before the adversities of existence cannot victoriously pass the ordeal of earth. In the superior worlds the candidate finds himself between two enormous mountains that menacingly close in upon him. If the candidate screams with horror, he then returns as a failure into his physical body. However, if he is serene, he becomes victorious and is received in the Children’s Chamber with great festivity and immense happiness." —Samael Aun Weor, The Perfect Matrimony

"Candidates aspiring to membership in the religious orders underwent severe tests to prove their worthiness. These ordeals were called initiations. Those who passed them successfully were welcomed as brothers by the priests and were instructed in the secret teachings." —Manly P. Hall

"In the ancient Egypt of the Pharaohs, these four ordeals had to be courageously faced in the physical world. Now the candidates have to pass these four ordeals in the supra-sensory worlds." —Samael Aun Weor, The Perfect Matrimony

"The ordeals of fire, air, water and earth always defined the diverse purifications of the neophytes. The neophytes are submitted to the four initiatic ordeals which are verified in the Internal Worlds. The human being still is not a king or queen of nature, but the human being is called to be a king in accordance to Melchizedeck. Disciples must be tested by the four elements in order to examine them. They are submitted to ordeals in the forty-nine regions of thought. These ordeals are for everyone, man and woman. One can help oneself by having pure thoughts, but this is not enough; meditation is necessary." —Samael Aun Weor, Tarot and Kabbalah

"The ordeals of Initiation are extremely severe. The disciple has to follow a perfect, holy and chaste path. Thus, when reaching the Intimate, the human being becomes converted into a Master of Major Mysteries and into a Theurgist." - Samael Aun Weor, The Revolution of Beelzebub

“Many esoteric ordeals exist on the initiatic path. It is necessary to pass through the ordeal of the Guardian of the Threshold in the three planes: astral, mental, and causal; it is necessary to pass through the ordeals of fire, air, water, and earth; it is necessary to pass through the ordeal of justice, etc. However, all of those ordeals, as hard and difficult as they might be, become gentle and swift when we compare them with the frightening and tremendous ordeal of the Ninth Sphere (sex).” - Samael Aun Weor, Aztec Christic Magic

"Goal of life is Service to Guru [inner Being, inner divinity]. Every unpleasant incident in life is a test of your trust in Guru." —Swami Sivananda

"Money, fame and lust are all great tests. A Sanyasin or a householder devotee might imagine himself great and saintly: when these tests come, he will succumb to them like a lamb at the hands of a leopard. Saintliness consists in constant vigilance and jumping over the hurdles of money, fame and lust, when they are set up by Maya. Great South Indian saints were put through strange tests. Maya tried to lead a saint astray: on whatever he set his foot, it would be turned into a diamond. Apsaras girls were sent to attend on him. But the saint was unmoved. Only then could he reach the divine." —Swami Sivananda

From Greek ὀρείχαλκος ‎(oreíkhalkos), from dative singular of ὄρος ‎(óros, “mountain”) + χαλκός ‎(khalkós, “copper”).

"...Atlantis, which, as was saying, was an island greater in extent than Libya and Asia... In the first place, they dug out of the earth whatever was to be found there, solid as well as fusile, and that which is now only a name and was then something more than a name, orichalcum, was dug out of the earth in many parts of the island, being more precious in those days than anything except gold." —Plato, Critias

"The Atlanteans had a metal more precious than gold; this was the famous orichalcum.” —Samael Aun Weor, The Kabbalah of the Mayan Mysteries

Our Solar System. "Our Solar System has thirteen Worlds, which are as follows: Earth, Mercury, Venus, Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto, Vulcan, Persephone and Clarion."

(Latin; oviparus; ovum egg + parere to bring forth) Producing young from eggs; as, an oviparous animal, in which the egg is generally separated from the animal, and hatched after exclusion. Quoted from Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary